Among all kinds of wavefront control algorithms in adaptive optics systems, the direct gradient wavefront control algorithm is the most widespread and common method. This control algorithm obtains the actuator voltages directly from wavefront slopes through pre-measuring the relational matrix between deformable mirror actuators and Hartmann wavefront sensor with perfect real-time characteristic and stability. However, with increasing the number of sub-apertures in wavefront sensor and deformable mirror actuators of adaptive optics systems, the matrix operation in direct gradient algorithm takes too much time, which becomes a major factor influencing control effect of adaptive optics systems. In this paper we apply an iterative wavefront control algorithm to high-resolution adaptive optics systems, in which the voltages of each actuator are obtained through iteration arithmetic, which gains great advantage in calculation and storage. For AO system with thousands of actuators, the computational complexity estimate is about O(n(2)) similar to O(n(3)) in direct gradient wavefront control algorithm, while the computational complexity estimate in iterative wavefront control algorithm is about O(n) similar to (O(n)(3/2)), in which n is the number of actuators of AO system. And the more the numbers of sub-apertures and deformable mirror actuators, the more significant advantage the iterative wavefront control algorithm exhibits.
1.Chinese Acad Sci, Lab Adapt Opt, Inst Opt & Elect, Chengdu 610209, Peoples R China 2.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Adapt Opt, Chengdu 610209, Peoples R China 3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Cheng Sheng-Yi,Liu Wen-Jin,Chen Shan-Qiu,et al. Comparison between iterative wavefront control algorithm and direct gradient wavefront control algorithm for adaptive optics system[J]. CHINESE PHYSICS B,2015,24(8).