A 45-element continuous facesheet surface micromachined deformable mirror (DM) is presented and is fabricated using the PolyMUMPs multi-user micro-electromechanical system processes. The effects of the structural parameters on the characteristics of the DM, such as its stroke, frequency and actuator coupling, are analyzed. In addition, the DM design has also been verified through experimental testing. This DM prototype has a surface figure of 0.5 mu m and a fill factor of 95%. The DM can provide a 0.6 mu m stroke with 5.9% actuator coupling. A static aberration correction based on this DM is also demonstrated, which acts as a reference for the potential adaptive optics (AO) applications of the device. (C) 2014 Author(s).